Commitment to the Protection of the Environment and People

For the EACOP project we will ensure that potential effects on the health, safety, and security of communities, workers and the environment, are addressed and managed throughout the planning, construction, and operational phases of the project. We are committed to comply with national laws and international best practices, including International Finance Corporation (IFC) Performance Standards (PS). 

The proposed pipeline route was selected over a number of years after comprehensive feasibility studies directed at avoiding environmentally and socially sensitive areas such as protected areas and areas of high population density.

The Front-End Engineering Design (FEED) and Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA)  ensure that temporary and permanent facilities are carefully located. The pipeline and facilities will be constructed and operated to reduce potential adverse environmental and social impacts and maximize benefits.

The EACOP Project continues to develop a complete understanding of the diverse environment and social elements along the proposed pipeline route.   The Project has worked with teams of environmental and social experts to develop a robust and comprehensive Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA). These studies are used to inform the design, construction and operation of the pipeline. 

The ESIA is an impact identification and management tool that highlights:

Identifies the potential impacts on the natural environment and the human environment including the respect of human rights, 

Evaluates the potential environment and social (including human rights) risks and opportunities,

Design and document measures to avoid, mitigate and manage negative impacts identify and enhance the positive impacts, including identification of monitoring,

Management and monitoring requirements for the implementation of mitigation measures.

The ESIA has been completed for both Tanzania and Uganda and approval certificates were issued on 29th November 2019 and 3rd December 2020 respectively.  The ESIA studies were carried out by JSB & COWI in Tanzania and Eco & Partner in Uganda in collaboration with an  international consultant RSK from UK in both countries.

As part of the ESIA, the project conducted a human rights impact assessment (HRIA) to identify potential effects on human rights associated with  project activities.  As a result of this study, we will understand what mitigation is required to minimize potential impacts through all project phases.

The ESIA is being completed by both national and international consultants. The studies will result in the development of robust environmental and social management plans that will guide the design, construction and operations of the EACOP project.

As part of our commitment to Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Management of Living Resources we are developing a biodiversity charter which will establish the principles to which we will work. Accordingly, we carry out all EACOP project activities while:

  • AVOIDING unnecessary impact to ecosystems, biodiversity and local communities
  • MINIMIZING any unavoidable impact to ecosystems, biodiversity and local communities
  • RESTORING and rehabilitating impacted areas
  • COMPESATING/OFFSETTING significant residual impacts

Environmental & Social Impact Assessment
The ESIA is the process that defines and evaluates the potential social and environmental impacts of a given project and their mitigation measures. The ESIA studies for the EACOP project were conducted around the crude oil export pipeline route (from Kabaale – Hoima in Uganda to Chongoleani peninsula, north to Tanga port in Tanzania) and the storage terminal (in Chongoleani). The studies were conducted in accordance with international guidelines, as well as laws of both the Ugandan and Tanzanian Governments.

The ESIA process is guided by the national regulations, act, and guidelines as well as IFC Performance Standards for best international practice and other international agreements, standards and guidelines. Specifically in Uganda by the National Environment Regulations and the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Guidelines and in Tanzania by the Tanzania national regulations (Environmental Impact Assessment and Audit Regulations, 2005) with other relative regulations and laws.

The ESIAs for the EACOP project in both Uganda and Tanzania was done when the EACOP Project was still being formulated.

The EACOP ESIAs included the following steps:

  • SCREENING: Potential Project impacts were identified early in the development of the Project, primarily through routing studies.
  • SCOPING: A scoping exercise to identify potentially significant impacts for taking forward to the ESIA stage was performed. In addition, the availability and gaps in environmental and social data was identified. Also the spatial scope (area of influence, AOI) and temporal scope for the assessment was defined as well as the scope and extent of environmental and social baseline studies.

In Uganda this was documented in a specific Scoping and Terms of Reference document that was approved by the national environmental authority.

Scoping Consultation Meeting (April-May-2017

  • The teams are currently holding meetings with the various government agencies, local communities and other stakeholders to share information about the project and the ESIA studies
  • You can ask questions and make comments during these meetings
  • All your comments will be written down and taken into account.

Specialist Studies:

  • The teams will come to your villages to seek some information from you on the different social aspects of your livelihoods (agriculture, fishing , business, health, education, cultural heritage etc)
  • They will also conduct studies about biodiversity (plants,animals)soil, air quality ,noise traffic,tourism

Feedback Consultation Meeting :

  • A series of meetings will be held with local communities government bodies and NGOs once the specialist studies and impact assessment have been completed to discuss the results with you
  • Here again you will be able to ask questions and give comments which will be considered for the ESIA report ,
  • The reports will be submitted to the government of Uganda and Tanzania for their approval. Only after their approval can the project go ahead .All the proposed management measures in the reports will have to be executed.

The Studies will be conducted by specialists from the UK (RSK)and partners in Uganda (ECO&PARTNERS)and in  Tanzania (JSB&COWI)

Key Figures



crude oil export pipeline



export flow rate barrels per day at plateau production


Over 60%

increase in FDI of Uganda & Tanzania during the construction phase


3.5 Billion

USD investment


Over 500,000

tonnes of imported equipment